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Sabra (Hebrew word) is a slang term used to describe a native-born Israeli Jew. The word is derived from the Hebrew word tzabar, the name of the "prickly pear" cactus (also known as the "cactus pear"), Opuntia ficus-indica.

The allusion is to a tenacious, thorny desert plant with a thick hide that conceals a sweet, softer interior i.e., tough on the outside, sweet and tender on the inside.

See also Rosh Hashana.