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Pesach ('Passover' Matthew 26:2) is the festival established in Exodus 12:1 - 13:16 to commemorate the freeing of the Jews from Egyptian slavery and their establishment as a nation and as the people of God.

Pesach means "passing over" (thus, Passover), referring to the "Angel of Death" who passed over Hebrew homes that had blood from a slaughtered, "sinless lamb" applied to the doorposts and lintels. So God spared the first-born sons of the Israelites but slew those of the Egyptians.

When John the Immerser speaks of Jesus as the "lamb of God" (John 1:29), he is invoking both Temple and Pesach imagery.

The Last Supper (Matthew 26:17-30) is understood by most scholars to have been a Passover meal or Seder (Matthew 26:17).