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Hasidim is the plural of Hasid (from the Hebrew: chasidus, meaning "pious" or "righteous", from the Hebrew root word chesed meaning "loving kindness"). The word Hasid was frequently used as a term of exceptional respect in the Talmudic and early medieval periods.

The Hasidim is an anti-Hellenic Jewish movement that formed in the time of the Seleucid king, Antiochus Epiphanes (175 – 163 BC).

There is no connection between these and the various Orthodox Jewish communities of the seventeenth-century in Eastern European, called Hasidic Judaism (see Hasidism).