(English Index)

(Original Index)




The Gan-Eden (Hebrewגַּן עֵדֶן, literally 'Garden of Eden') is described in the Book of Genesis as being the place where the first man, Adam and his wife, Eve, lived after they were created by God. The creation story in Genesis relates the geographical location of both Eden and the garden to four rivers (Pishon, Gihon, Tigris, Euphrates), and three regions (Havilah, Assyria, and Cush).

Gan-Eden is also Hebrew's expression for 'Paradise', which is the English transliteration of Greek paradeisos, the term used in the Septuagint at Genesis 2:8 to translate Gan-Eden. Paradeisos itself comes from the Persian word 'pardes', which has been taken into Hebrew; it means 'enclosure, preserve, garden, park, citrus orchard', as well as 'Paradise' in the Talmud.