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Galut (Hebrew: גלות), means literally exile. Galut classically refers to the exile of the Jewish people from the Land of Israel. There were altogether four such exiles.

The term has also become a Hebrew synonym for the Jewish diaspora, and the term "galut mentality" is used among Jewish nationalists to derisively refer to residents of the Jewish diaspora who do not support, or may even oppose, the reconstitution and reinstitution of Israel and its central socio-religious institutions due to ethnic or religious reasons (self-hating Jew and Negation of the Diaspora).